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IV期食管癌

50%的食管癌患者在诊断时已发生转移且需要接受姑息治疗[1]

可选的标准治疗方案:

处于临床评估阶段的可选治疗方案:

多种药物可有效治疗食管癌。含铂类联合方案中常纳入氟尿嘧啶、紫杉烷、拓扑异构酶抑制剂、羟基脲或长春瑞滨,据文献这些联合方案的客观缓解率为30%-60%,中位生存期往往不足1年[1][8][9]

评估单药化疗或联合化疗的临床试验。

目前开展的临床试验

现招募 IV期食管癌​患者的美国临床研究请参见美国NCI癌症临床研究列表,可根据部位、药物、干预或其他标准进行筛选。

NCI网站提供关于临床试验的基本信息。

参考文献

1. Enzinger PC, Ilson DH, Kelsen DP: Chemotherapy in esophageal cancer. Semin Oncol 26 (5 Suppl 15): 12-20, 1999.[PUBMED Abstract]

2. Baron TH: Expandable metal stents for the treatment of cancerous obstruction of the gastrointestinal tract. N Engl J Med 344 (22): 1681-7, 2001.[PUBMED Abstract]

3. Sur RK, Levin CV, Donde B, et al.: Prospective randomized trial of HDR brachytherapy as a sole modality in palliation of advanced esophageal carcinoma--an International Atomic Energy Agency study. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys 53 (1): 127-33, 2002.[PUBMED Abstract]

4. Gaspar LE, Nag S, Herskovic A, et al.: American Brachytherapy Society (ABS) consensus guidelines for brachytherapy of esophageal cancer. Clinical Research Committee, American Brachytherapy Society, Philadelphia, PA. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys 38 (1): 127-32, 1997.[PUBMED Abstract]

5. Bourke MJ, Hope RL, Chu G, et al.: Laser palliation of inoperable malignant dysphagia: initial and at death. Gastrointest Endosc 43 (1): 29-32, 1996.[PUBMED Abstract]

6. Waters JS, Norman A, Cunningham D, et al.: Long-term survival after epirubicin, cisplatin and fluorouracil for gastric cancer: results of a randomized trial. Br J Cancer 80 (1-2): 269-72, 1999.[PUBMED Abstract]

7. Ross P, Nicolson M, Cunningham D, et al.: Prospective randomized trial comparing mitomycin, cisplatin, and protracted venous-infusion fluorouracil (PVI 5-FU) With epirubicin, cisplatin, and PVI 5-FU in advanced esophagogastric cancer. J Clin Oncol 20 (8): 1996-2004, 2002.[PUBMED Abstract]

8. Taïeb J, Artru P, Baujat B, et al.: Optimisation of 5-fluorouracil (5-FU)/cisplatin combination chemotherapy with a new schedule of hydroxyurea, leucovorin, 5-FU and cisplatin (HLFP regimen) for metastatic oesophageal cancer. Eur J Cancer 38 (5): 661-6, 2002.[PUBMED Abstract]

9. Conroy T, Etienne PL, Adenis A, et al.: Vinorelbine and cisplatin in metastatic squamous cell carcinoma of the oesophagus: response, toxicity, quality of life and survival. Ann Oncol 13 (5): 721-9, 2002.[PUBMED Abstract]

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